How do water softeners work?

Some people face hard water issues especially when the source of the water is well. Well, water doesn’t necessarily mean that this is a problem faced only in rural areas. Today the supply of water can be from any source. Hard water can cause a lot of problems in your house and life. Hard water tends to create mayhem as far as the plumbing is concerned. Also along with them come your hair and skin problems and the task of keeping your house clean just gets harder. Rather of facing all these issues and later paying a huge price for getting all this done, you can check out different water softener reviews on websites like and purchase the best water softener as per your budget.

Let’s understand how the water softener does does and how it helps reduce the problems faced due to hard water. Water softeners are designed to remove the hard minerals from the water. The removal of these hard minerals helps take care of your pipes and also makes it easier to clean the house and the laundry. Now the next question would be how do water softeners get the hard minerals out of the water? So the minerals we are talking about being taken out are the ones like magnesium, calcium, manganese, and iron. The water softeners replace these minerals with sodium ions through a process called ion exchange. So basically ions can either be atoms or molecules which either have a positive charge or a negative charge; since there is an imbalance between the protons and the electrons. So if they are positively charged they are cations and if they are negatively charged they are anions. Sodium has a much weaker charge compared to the hard minerals which are cations and hence positively charged.

water softeners work

The charges for all the involved minerals are – magnesium (Mg+2), calcium (Ca+2), iron (Fe+3), and sodium (Na+). Since Sodium is weakly charged, it makes the ion exchange possible. The water softeners use a media of zeolite or ion-exchange resin beads. Zeolite is a special inorganic mineral which is available in the form of tiny crystals. Each and every one of the zeolite or resin bead is negatively charged and also has some space to hold positive ions. The process starts with the fresh media holding on to the sodium ions which are weakly charged. as the hard water starts flowing through the water softener tank, calcium and magnesium which are strongly charged start getting pulled to the media like magnets. Now since the hard minerals have a high positive charge compared to the sodium ions, they start knocking off the sodium ions and start taking their place. As a result, the hard minerals are left in the tank and the only H20 along with some sodium ions is supplied in the house. Ensure that you do your research well by checking websites like and seeing the different water softener reviews, before purchasing the best water softener for your needs.

Today everything in the house is based on technology. If hard water is supplied into the house, the buildup that it causes can affect the efficiency of the machines, thus causing more damage. Hence it’s essential to have a water softener which would take care of future problems.

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